, Waheb in Suphah, the Forgotten “Town in the Stream”, On the Origins of Tevilah (Ritual Immersion), Understanding Deuteronomy on Its Own Terms, “Dibon-Gad: Between the Torah and the Mesha Stele,”, “War at Yahatz: The Torah Versus the Mesha Stele,”, “North Israelite Memories of the Transjordan and the Mesha Inscription,”, “Biblical and Greek Ambivalence Towards Child Sacrifice,”. In der Zukunft wird der König des Nordens „in das Land der Zierde eindringen, und viele Länder werden zu Fall kommen; diese aber werden seiner Hand entkommen: Edom und Moab und die Vornehmsten der Kinder Ammon" (Dan 11,40.41). Elimelech und Noomi flohen dorthin vor der Hungersnot, und David vertraute ihrem König seinen Vater und seine Mutter an, als Saul ihn verfolgte. Mill. The authors are very grateful to Chang-Ho Ji for his gracious invitation to publish these inscriptions. The biblical texts, at least those found in the Hebrew Bible (HB)/Old Testament (OT), are technically anonymous. The Bible admits that the attempt to take Moab’s capital fails, and says nothing about whether Israel maintains control over the rest of Moab or not. Etwa zwei Drittel dieser Stücke konnten gerettet werden und sind nun im Museum des Louvre in Paris ausgestellt. The research findings are published in the newly founded archaeological magazine „Beiträge zur Erforschung der antiken Ard el-Kerak (Moab)“. (Neukirchener Verlag) BP W.F. at Dhiban, Jordan.[3]. Zur Zeit der Richter benutzte Gott Eglon den König von Moab, um Israel zu bestrafen, und sie mussten den Moabitern 18 Jahre dienen. Mo 19,37 ). The Hebrew Bible is a book that was primarily written by men, for men, and about men, and thus the biblical text is not particularly forthcoming when it comes to the lives and experiences of women. The divisions of the tribes of Israel. Mo 21,11-30). In these national covenants the individual had a place, but only as a member of the nation. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, Go, return each to … This covenant was renewed on the plains of Moab (Deuteronomy 29:1). You can write a book review and share your experiences. While there Elimelech dies, as well as his sons who had gotten married in the meantime. This material that follows is Jews attack Gentiles: Word count: 34,039 words . Die Beziehungen Israels zu den Moabitern waren unterschiedlich. A Harmony of the Life of Jesus - Four gospel accounts in harmony. Yoram Cohen. 4. To explain, while the Mesha Stele (hailing from, as noted above, a generation or two earlier than the Ataruz inscriptions) is written in the Moabite language, it uses the Old Hebrew script, not a distinctive Moabite national script. During the 2010 excavation season, a cylindrical stone altar bearing seven lines of inscribed text was discovered in a small sanctuary room. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. 7; quoted by S. Timm, Moab zwischen den Mächten. Wimmer, S 2000b. Zur Zeit Josaphats griffen die Kinder Moab und Ammon und die vom Gebirge Seir Juda an, aber Gott machte den Kampf zu seinem eigenen und bewirkte, dass sie sich gegenseitig bekämpften (2. Nothing about this city stands out in these verses in comparison to the other cities. – Bibel-Lexikon. [5] Both the reading and meaning of this term have been heavily debated, but a majority view reads the word as ryt, indicating some kind of satiating offering to the deity based on possible cognates. Mesha’s account, however, makes no mention of an Israelite incursion and, more importantly, presents this rebellion as a decisive and enduring victory in which Mesha retakes the area north of the Arnon River all the way to Nebo from Israel. [3] Of enduring usefulness with regard to the Mesha Stele is: Andrew Dearman (ed), Studies in the Mesha Inscription and Moab (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989). Inscription A records a sum of 10 shekels of bronze, using hieratic numerals for the quantities, the abbreviation שׁל (šl) for shekels, and the abbreviation ×  (n) for נחשׁת (nhÌ£št), “bronze.” The word בז (bz), “plunder,” may occur, possibly indicating that the recorded bronze was plundered at the conquered site and, based on the context of the inscription, dedicated in the shrine where the altar was found. This changed, however, with the discovery of the Mesha Stele, a monumental inscription of the Moabite king Mesha from the 9th century B.C.E. Diese werden übrig bleiben, um durch Israel gerichtet zu werden (vgl. Innerhalb ähnlicher Grenzen liegt heute das jordanische Gouvernement Kerak. Old Testament Politically Violent Passages . Gott erklärte, dass das Land Moabs sein sollte wie Sodom, „ein Besitztum der Brennnesseln und eine Salzgrube und eine Wüste in Ewigkeit" (Zeph 2,8.9). Mesa-Inschrift. More info about Linked Data. Siegesstele. Primary Entity\/h3> Wolff, eds. He holds an M.A. מאב, “I, Mesha…, king of Moab.” In the Mesha Inscription, Mesha declares how the Moabite god Kemosh had punitively allowed Moab to be subjected to the hegemony of King Omri of Israel, but that in the reign of Omri’s “son,”[4] Mesha rebelled and reconquered much of the historic Moabite territory. For other confluences and polemics between them, see David Ben-Gad HaCohen, “War at Yahatz: The Torah Versus the Mesha Stele,” TheTorah (2015); Israel Finkelstein and Thomas Römer, “North Israelite Memories of the Transjordan and the Mesha Inscription,” TheTorah (2018). Among all these fascinating details, of most importance for this discussion are the events narrated in lines 10–14: To be sure, this epigraphic witness does not relate directly to the events described in Numbers 32, nor does it say anything about their specific correlation with historical reality, but it does put Ataroth “on the map” by the 9th century B.C.E. 2003, Die eisen-II-zeitlichen Siegel und -abdrücke aus Grabungen in Moab, in: F. Ninow, Hrsg., Wort und Stein, Festschrift für Udo Worschech (Beiträge zur Erforschung der antiken Moabitis 4), Peter Lang, Frankfurt, 33-87. 17-19. Kön 3,4-27). [1] It would have remained little more than an obscure biblical toponym (place name) were it not for two modern archaeological discoveries that have made it a showcase example of the connection of biblical narrative to archaeological and epigraphic data.[2]. Arnulf Kuschke and Ernst Kutsch (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1970): 101-16; Bible Maps. Jes 11,14). Housing Units (2000): 2148 (2000): 2148 Quelle: Kleine Namenskonkordanz. 7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she had been, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah. Kön 3,4). However, with the modern disciplines of archaeology and epigraphy, evidence of the scope of this Moabite conquest is slowly coming to light. [16] The verse is unclear about this. ... 105081 VO Exegese Altes Testament - Exegese des Alten Testaments: Das Buch Kohelet. Ataroth and the Inscribed Altar: Who Won the War Between Moab and Israel? [12] Based on its stratigraphic location and this script, the Ataruz Inscribed Altar is dated to the decades following the Moabite conquest described in the Mesha Stele. Both references to the city in the Torah appear in Numbers 32, as part of the territory that the tribes of Gad and Reuben settle. Ahasja folgte Ahab auf den Thron, aber er war es nicht, der Moab angriff. Deuteronomy 4:43 - [Namely], Bezer in the wilderness, in the plain country, of the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, of the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, of the Manassites. Ataroth is an obscure Transjordanian city, referenced only twice in the Bible. Golan Sahem el-Jolan pp. Das Alte Testament vermittelt von Moab meist ein negatives, zuweilen aber auch ein positives Bild, was wohl von einer entsprechenden Kontroverse in Israel zeugt. Linked Data. Der Sohn Omris wäre Ahab, und in 2. Funde. Rollston is the editor of Enemies and Friends of the State: Ancient Prophecy in Context and the author of Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel: Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age as well as many academic articles such as “Scribal Curriculum during the First Temple Period: Epigraphic Hebrew and Biblical Evidence.” He is an expert in ancient epigraphy and blogs about new finds and current debates on www.rollstonepigraphy.com. Zeret-Shahar on the Hill in the Valley—The Discovery of a New Moabite Site in Jordan,” Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East 1998 Rome: 1777–1884. script type="text/javascript"> Die Moabiter waren von den Amoritern vor der Ankunft der Israeliten südwärts vertrieben worden (4. On one hand, this story does not contradict Mesha’s description exactly. Sam 22,3.4; 2. Additionally, in contrast to the earlier script of the Mesha Inscription, which is identical to contemporary Hebrew script, the Ataruz Inscribed altar shows an “Early Moabite Script” diverging from the Hebrew script, and is now possibly the earliest extant inscription employing this script. Kön 23,13). and Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University's Department of Near Eastern Studies and is the editor of Maarav and co-editor of BASOR (Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research). משע.... מלך. Chris Rollston examining the Khirbat Ataruz altar inscription. BKAT Biblischer Kommentar, Altes Testament, M. Noth (†), S. Herrmann and H.W. Moab — ist eine Landschaft in Palästina östlich des Jordans und ein antiker Kleinstaat in dieser Region, siehe Moab (Staat) die Abkürzung für eine amerikanische Bombe, siehe GBU 43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast Moab (Altes Testament), Person im Alten… … Deutsch Wikipedia Adam L. Bean is currently Visiting Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies at Milligan University and will complete the Ph.D. in Near Eastern Studies from Johns Hopkins University in Fall 2020. Sohn von Lot und seiner ältesten Tochter; die Bezeichnung seiner Nachkommen und des Landes, welches sie bewohnten (1. First brought to the attention of interested European travelers by local residents in 1868, the Mesha Stele, written in the Moabite language, which is very similar to biblical Hebrew, presents itself as a first-person account from the same King Mesha named in 2 Kgs 3:4, opening with אנכ. Der Papierabdruck wurde von dem Stein gemacht, bevor er zerbrach, welcher zusammen mit den wiedergefundenen Einzelstücken eine nahezu vollständige Übersetzung der Inschrift ermöglicht. B.C.E. 20. Ugarit (/ ˌ uː É¡ ə ˈ r iː t, ˌ j uː-/; Ugaritic: 𐎜𐎂𐎗𐎚, ʼUgart; Arabic: أُوغَارِيت ‎ ŪġārÄ«t or أُوجَارِيت ŪǧārÄ«t) was an ancient port city in northern Syria, in the outskirts of modern Latakia, discovered by accident in 1928 together with the Ugaritic texts.Its ruins are often called Ras Shamra after the headland where they lie. bis zum 4. Über Moab selbst wird nichts Näheres berichtet. 1. [11] Regarding the Omrides, the 9th century B.C.E., and Moab, see Israel Finkelstein and Oded Lipschits, “Omride Architecture in Moab: Jahaz and Ataroth,” ZDPV 126 (2010): 29-42, especially 35 (with reference to the excavations at Ataruz). Its first appearance is among the cities Gad and Reuben list, when they ask Moses for permission to settle in the region, due to its suitability for raising cattle: The Gadites and Reubenites request this area as their lot, and after some back and forth, Moses grants the request on the condition that the men of Gad and Reuben first participate in the conquest of Canaan with the other tribes. [2] For the editio princeps of the Khirbat Ataruz Inscriptions, see Adam L. Bean, Christopher A. Rollston, P. Kyle McCarter, and Stefan J. Wimmer, “An Inscribed Altar from the Khirbat Ataruz Moabite Sanctuary,” Levant 50 (2018): 211–236. [8] Chang-Ho Ji and Robert D. Bates, “Khirbat Ê¿Ataruz 2011-2012: A Preliminary Report,” Andrews University Seminary Studies 52.1 (2014): 47–91; Chang-Ho Ji, “The Early Iron Age II Temple at HÌ®irbet Ê¿Atārūs and Its Architecture and Selected Cultic Objects,” in Temple Building and Temple Cult: Architecture and Cultic Paraphernalia of Temples in the Levant (2.-1. Dann erbarmte sich Kamos ihrer, und dem König war es möglich, einige der Städte zu retten, die Menschen zu töten und von der Beute zu nehmen. In 2000, Prof. Chang-Ho Ji of La Sierra University began excavation of the site, uncovering remarkable finds, including cultic architecture of multiple phases and many religious artifacts.[8]. In addition, the authors are particularly grateful to the American Center of Oriental Research and the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research for facilitating the use of their libraries and residential facilities for the early portions of our research, collation, and photography of these inscriptions. Moreover, the authors of this article are also very grateful to P. Kyle McCarter for discussing numerous and sundry aspects of the Ataruz inscriptions with us. Rollston, Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel (p. 63) dates the Mudeyine Altar inscription to the first half of the 8th century BCE, thus, slightly later than the Ataruz Altar inscriptions. Es gibt keinen Zweifel, dass der Mesa in der Inschrift derselbe Mesa wie in der Schrift ist. It further describes how he resettled those areas and commenced various royal building projects, implying that Israel was no longer a factor at all, and that Mesha’s victory was decisive and long-lasting. He has been actively involved in archaeological fieldwork and grant-funded epigraphic research projects in Jordan. dubsar 9 . Notably, this conquest of Israelite territory by the Moabites is something the biblical picture of Mesha’s rebellion conceals in its version of the story. The term “ataroth” also appears as part of a toponym, such as Ataroth Shofan in the Transjordan (Num 32:35), Ataroth Adar in the territory of Ephraim (Josh 16:5, 18:13), and Ataroth Beth-Joab in Judah (1 Chron 2:54). 6. Ortsname. [12] Paul E. Dion, and Michelle Daviau, “An Inscribed Incense Altar of Iron Age II at Ḫirbet el-Mudeyine (Jordan),” ZDPV 116 (2000): 1-13. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. Bedeutung des Namens. [13] The authors of this article are especially indebted to Stefan Wimmer for his work on the hieratic numerals of the Ataruz Altar Inscription. The aim is to put references to culture and history mentioned in the Old Testament between Israel and Moab on a scientific basis. Oops! Other evidence from ancient Israel—the society in which the Hebrew Bible was generated—is also often of little use. Über Moab selbst wird nichts Näheres berichtet. https://thetorah.com/article/ataroth-and-the-inscribed-altar-who-won-the-war-between-moab-and-israel. The term may mean “cattle pens” (see HALOT), and thus such toponyms would mean, “the cattle pens of X.”. Die Heilige Schrift wird also durch das interessante Monument bestätigt. While it is likely that the narrative has been given some “spin” on both sides, the evidence from Khirbat Ataruz lends further support to the validity of Mesha’s claim to have conquered, held, and resettled the city of Ataroth. Transmission, Reception and Text Production. High resolution laser quality maps. Mo 23,4). Aber sie wurden von Israel, Juda und Edom mit vereinten Kräften vollständig unterworfen. And yet, the accounts are quite different from each other in tone and implication. Please support us. Nevertheless, due to modern archaeological discoveries, it has become a central piece of evidence for reconstructing the history of the Moabite rebellion against Israel and King Mesha’s expansion of the Moabite kingdom described in both 2 Kings and the Mesha Stele. Es muss außerdem ein reiches Land gewesen sein, da es an Israel jährlich 100.000 Lämmer und 100.000 Schafböcke mit der Wolle zahlen konnte (2. 57, 61, 62 Y3 city of refuge, Deut. 2020 / ISBN 978-3-96327-042-0 / xxiv + 406 pp. Die nördliche Grenze am Wadi Mudschib wurde mehrmals durch Eroberungen überschritten und umfasste dann u. Successive World Kingdoms: Persia, Babylon, Assyria 640-500 BC. Her other daughter-in-law, Orpah, remains in Moab. In Moab liegt auch das Gebirge Abǎrim. You may have already requested this item. Grayson's edition of the Sargon Geography in The Map of Old Testament Israel - Golan. [15] Questions remain about each of these readings, as detailed in the editio princeps of the Ataruz Inscribed Altar. In fact, on one level, it correlates remarkably with the biblical account, which mentions the rebellion of Moab against the Omrides and names Mesha specifically: The story continues with the Israelite response to this rebellion, in which King Jehoram of Israel, King Jehoshaphat of Judah, and the (unnamed) king of Edom march together against Moab. First, the very existence of a Moabite Temple with an inscription on an altar in the Moabite language and in the Moabite script, the Ataruz Inscribed Altar, corroborates Mesha’s statement that he conquered the city of Ataroth and resettled it. Israel’s rapid advance against Moab having come to a halt at Moab’s capital at Kir-hareseth (usually identified as the city of Karak, Jordan), the story ends with a surprising twist: Whatever the phrase “great wrath” means,[16] Mesha’s sacrifice of his own son works;[17] the Israelite coalition gives up on its attempt to conquer Moab and returns home. Moab – Bibel-Lexikon. Golan J-5 on the Map. Chr 18,2). Mesha also boasts of his public works, including building activities at many locations within Moab that he acknowledges were previously built up by the Israelite King Omri. 98,00 € This constituted the nation the peculiar people of God, and was accompanied by promises for obedience and penalties for disobedience. When the Mesha Inscription was first discovered, scholars immediately noted how it provides a remarkable contemporary witness to the conflict between Moab and the Northern Kingdom of Israel under the Omride Dynasty as described in Kings. The inscription provides important new details about the Moabite language, supplying a number of words and grammatical features attested in Moabite for the first time. Als die Araber entdeckten, dass zwei oder drei Länder Interesse am Besitz dieses Steines zeigten, dachten sie, sie würden mehr Geld bekommen, wenn sie ihn in Stücke zerbrachen. A. Madaba, Dhiban und die Festung Aroer. and confirms its association with a people group named Gad and the Northern Kingdom of Israel. Michael C. Astour, Yahweh in Egyptian Topographic Lists in Festschrift Elmar Edel in Agypten und Altes Testament, edited by Manfred Gorg (Bamberg, Germany, 1979. pp. 4; Levitical city, Josh. Numbers 21:33 They turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.. Bauvorhaben Gateway Gardens, Fake Briefe Vom Finanzamt 2020, J1 League Tabelle, Da Maria Hagen, Aok Bayern Rückbildungskurs Kostenübernahme, Stadt Soest Stellenangebote, Rottweiler In Not, Ferienhaus Oester Im Ferienpark De Soeten Haert In Renesse, " />

Aus Verzweiflung opferte der König von Moab seinen ältesten Sohn (2. Während der Regierung Ahabs wurden sie wieder tributpflichtig, aber nach seinem Tod schüttelten sie ihr Joch ab. 17), Wiesbaden 1989, l. -353- Attitudes in the Old Testament towards Moab and Moa- bites range from the assertion of the Moabite ancestry of the Davidic royal line, found in the Book of Ruth, to the Es war ein Stein mit den Maßen 117 cm x 61 cm, und er enthielt eine Inschrift von 34 Zeilen in phönizischen Schriftzeichen. Mo 19,37). 5.4% ~~ 04:021:001 And when king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel Academic Study of the Torah Is Essential, Not Just for Academics, Study the Torah with Academic Scholarship, By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. ed., Harper Torchbook, 1963) BWANT Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament … Ein Feuer wurde unter ihm angezündet, und als er heiß war, wurde kaltes Wasser über ihn gegossen, sodass er zerbrach. In 2 Kings 3:24–25, that conflict is presented as an initial rout of Moab. Auch baute er weitere Städte, deren Namen er angibt. Mo 34,6). Moab and Edom in the S argon Geography* Wayne Horowitz The Hebrew University of Jerusalem The names of Moab and Edom, Israel's eastern neighbours, occur a number of times in cuneiform documents from the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods.1 * The reader is directed to A.K. Did not include civil war stuff—David and Saul . 27; 1 Chr. [17] Editor’s note: For a discussion of this act in the context of other biblical passages about child sacrifice, see Samuel Z. Glaser, “Biblical and Greek Ambivalence Towards Child Sacrifice,” TheTorah (2016). Prof. Christopher A. Rollston is Associate Professor of Northwest Semitic languages and literatures in the Department of Classical and Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations at George Washington University. Jahrhundert n. Chr. Hierbei handelt es sich um ein interessantes Denkmal, welches 1868 in Dibon (Dhiban) im Land Moab gefunden wurde. (5) The Author's Evident Attempt to Identify the New Generation in Moab with the Patriarchs. (Jerusalem: Magnes, 1987), 65-66; Christopher A. Rollston, Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel: Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age (Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010), 42, 52-54. Please consider supporting TheTorah.com. Sie wurde Kamos, dem Gott von Moab, durch Mesa gewidmet. [1] A city (or cities) named Ataroth appears in the description of the borders of the territory of Ephraim (Josh 16:2, 7). The research in this article has been generously supported by Johns Hopkins University, George Washington University, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. Seine Nachkommen lebten östlich des Toten Meeres. Near destitute, Naomi returns to Bethlehem with one daughter-in-law, Ruth, whom she could not dissuade from accompanying her. Mose wurde in einem Tal im Land Moab von Gott ohne Beisein von Menschen begraben (5. New Testament Overview - General survey of the New Testament. ... Lehrstuhl für Altes Testament. Moab = Nachkommenschaft des Vaters. Das Reich lag östlich des Toten Meeres südlich von Ammon (Grenze Wadi el-Mudschib = Tal des Arnon) und nördlich von Edom (Grenze Wadi el-Hesa) im heutigen Jordanien. Studien his- torischen Denkmiilern und Texten (Ägypten und Altes Testament, Bd. TheTorah.com is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you. Sie konnten sich in einem gewissen Umfang befreien, wurden aber durch Nebukadnezar wieder unterworfen (Jer 27,1-11). Als der Stamm Ruben sein Erbteil erhielt, bildete der Fluß Arnon die südliche Grenze seines Landes und gleichzeitig die nördliche Grenze Moabs. [7] Editor’s note: For more discussions of the confluence and polemics between the Mesha inscription and the Bible regarding the tribe of Gad, see Aaron Koller, “The Tribe of Gad and the Mesha Stele,” TheTorah (2013); Yigal Levin, “Dibon-Gad: Between the Torah and the Mesha Stele,” TheTorah (2019). Population (2000): 4779. Confirm this request. v850. For further discussion on the use of Hieratic (especially the numerals) in the southern Levant, see in particularly Stefan Wimmer, Palästinisches Hieratisch: Die Zahl- und Sonderzeichen in der althebräischen Schrift, Ägypten und Altes Testament 75 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2008). Furthermore, if the reading of Inscription B suggested above is correct, then it may be another inscription celebrating this victory at the site of one of the newly conquered Moabite towns. He is co-author with Christopher A. Rollston, P. Kyle McCarter, and Stefan J. Wimmer of “An Inscribed Altar from the Khirbat Ataruz Moabite Sanctuary” (the editio princeps of the new Moabite inscriptions from Khirbat Ataruz, Jordan) published in the journal Levant, and author of “A Curse of the Division of Land: A New Reading of the Bukān Aramaic Inscription Lines 9–10,” forthcoming in a peer-reviewed volume with SBL Press, along with several reference articles in the Dictionary of Daily Life in Biblical and Post-biblical Antiquity. Als die Israeliten in das verheißene Land einzogen, wurden sie angewiesen, sich nicht mit Moab auf einen Kampf einzulassen, noch es zu befeinden (5. Launched Shavuot 5773 / 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, All Rights Reserved. The Hebrew word translated "to declare" is found elsewhere in the Old Testament only in Dt 27:8 and in Hab 2:2, and signifies "to make plain." [14] This noun also has cognates in the Hebrew קִרְיָה, Phoenician qrt (reflected in the name of the city Carthage), and several Aramaic forms of the same noun. Photo Courtesy of C. Rollston, The Transjordanian city of Ataroth (עֲטָרוֹת, Ê¿ătÌ£ārôt) appears only twice in the Torah and nowhere else in the Bible. Aber als sie zu dem Herrn schrieen, befreite er sie, und 10000 Moabiter wurden getötet (Ri 3,12-30). In der Prophezeiung von Jesaja 16 kennzeichnet Moab die Welt, in der die Ausgestoßenen Israels Zuflucht finden. Kristi Maslan God. 1990. 71. script>, Waheb in Suphah, the Forgotten “Town in the Stream”, On the Origins of Tevilah (Ritual Immersion), Understanding Deuteronomy on Its Own Terms, “Dibon-Gad: Between the Torah and the Mesha Stele,”, “War at Yahatz: The Torah Versus the Mesha Stele,”, “North Israelite Memories of the Transjordan and the Mesha Inscription,”, “Biblical and Greek Ambivalence Towards Child Sacrifice,”. In der Zukunft wird der König des Nordens „in das Land der Zierde eindringen, und viele Länder werden zu Fall kommen; diese aber werden seiner Hand entkommen: Edom und Moab und die Vornehmsten der Kinder Ammon" (Dan 11,40.41). Elimelech und Noomi flohen dorthin vor der Hungersnot, und David vertraute ihrem König seinen Vater und seine Mutter an, als Saul ihn verfolgte. Mill. The authors are very grateful to Chang-Ho Ji for his gracious invitation to publish these inscriptions. The biblical texts, at least those found in the Hebrew Bible (HB)/Old Testament (OT), are technically anonymous. The Bible admits that the attempt to take Moab’s capital fails, and says nothing about whether Israel maintains control over the rest of Moab or not. Etwa zwei Drittel dieser Stücke konnten gerettet werden und sind nun im Museum des Louvre in Paris ausgestellt. The research findings are published in the newly founded archaeological magazine „Beiträge zur Erforschung der antiken Ard el-Kerak (Moab)“. (Neukirchener Verlag) BP W.F. at Dhiban, Jordan.[3]. Zur Zeit der Richter benutzte Gott Eglon den König von Moab, um Israel zu bestrafen, und sie mussten den Moabitern 18 Jahre dienen. Mo 19,37 ). The Hebrew Bible is a book that was primarily written by men, for men, and about men, and thus the biblical text is not particularly forthcoming when it comes to the lives and experiences of women. The divisions of the tribes of Israel. Mo 21,11-30). In these national covenants the individual had a place, but only as a member of the nation. 8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, Go, return each to … This covenant was renewed on the plains of Moab (Deuteronomy 29:1). You can write a book review and share your experiences. While there Elimelech dies, as well as his sons who had gotten married in the meantime. This material that follows is Jews attack Gentiles: Word count: 34,039 words . Die Beziehungen Israels zu den Moabitern waren unterschiedlich. A Harmony of the Life of Jesus - Four gospel accounts in harmony. Yoram Cohen. 4. To explain, while the Mesha Stele (hailing from, as noted above, a generation or two earlier than the Ataruz inscriptions) is written in the Moabite language, it uses the Old Hebrew script, not a distinctive Moabite national script. During the 2010 excavation season, a cylindrical stone altar bearing seven lines of inscribed text was discovered in a small sanctuary room. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. 7; quoted by S. Timm, Moab zwischen den Mächten. Wimmer, S 2000b. Zur Zeit Josaphats griffen die Kinder Moab und Ammon und die vom Gebirge Seir Juda an, aber Gott machte den Kampf zu seinem eigenen und bewirkte, dass sie sich gegenseitig bekämpften (2. Nothing about this city stands out in these verses in comparison to the other cities. – Bibel-Lexikon. [5] Both the reading and meaning of this term have been heavily debated, but a majority view reads the word as ryt, indicating some kind of satiating offering to the deity based on possible cognates. Mesha’s account, however, makes no mention of an Israelite incursion and, more importantly, presents this rebellion as a decisive and enduring victory in which Mesha retakes the area north of the Arnon River all the way to Nebo from Israel. [3] Of enduring usefulness with regard to the Mesha Stele is: Andrew Dearman (ed), Studies in the Mesha Inscription and Moab (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1989). Inscription A records a sum of 10 shekels of bronze, using hieratic numerals for the quantities, the abbreviation שׁל (šl) for shekels, and the abbreviation ×  (n) for נחשׁת (nhÌ£št), “bronze.” The word בז (bz), “plunder,” may occur, possibly indicating that the recorded bronze was plundered at the conquered site and, based on the context of the inscription, dedicated in the shrine where the altar was found. This changed, however, with the discovery of the Mesha Stele, a monumental inscription of the Moabite king Mesha from the 9th century B.C.E. Diese werden übrig bleiben, um durch Israel gerichtet zu werden (vgl. Innerhalb ähnlicher Grenzen liegt heute das jordanische Gouvernement Kerak. Old Testament Politically Violent Passages . Gott erklärte, dass das Land Moabs sein sollte wie Sodom, „ein Besitztum der Brennnesseln und eine Salzgrube und eine Wüste in Ewigkeit" (Zeph 2,8.9). Mesa-Inschrift. More info about Linked Data. Siegesstele. Primary Entity\/h3> Wolff, eds. He holds an M.A. מאב, “I, Mesha…, king of Moab.” In the Mesha Inscription, Mesha declares how the Moabite god Kemosh had punitively allowed Moab to be subjected to the hegemony of King Omri of Israel, but that in the reign of Omri’s “son,”[4] Mesha rebelled and reconquered much of the historic Moabite territory. For other confluences and polemics between them, see David Ben-Gad HaCohen, “War at Yahatz: The Torah Versus the Mesha Stele,” TheTorah (2015); Israel Finkelstein and Thomas Römer, “North Israelite Memories of the Transjordan and the Mesha Inscription,” TheTorah (2018). Among all these fascinating details, of most importance for this discussion are the events narrated in lines 10–14: To be sure, this epigraphic witness does not relate directly to the events described in Numbers 32, nor does it say anything about their specific correlation with historical reality, but it does put Ataroth “on the map” by the 9th century B.C.E. 2003, Die eisen-II-zeitlichen Siegel und -abdrücke aus Grabungen in Moab, in: F. Ninow, Hrsg., Wort und Stein, Festschrift für Udo Worschech (Beiträge zur Erforschung der antiken Moabitis 4), Peter Lang, Frankfurt, 33-87. 17-19. Kön 3,4-27). [1] It would have remained little more than an obscure biblical toponym (place name) were it not for two modern archaeological discoveries that have made it a showcase example of the connection of biblical narrative to archaeological and epigraphic data.[2]. Arnulf Kuschke and Ernst Kutsch (Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr [Paul Siebeck], 1970): 101-16; Bible Maps. Jes 11,14). Housing Units (2000): 2148 (2000): 2148 Quelle: Kleine Namenskonkordanz. 7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she had been, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah. Kön 3,4). However, with the modern disciplines of archaeology and epigraphy, evidence of the scope of this Moabite conquest is slowly coming to light. [16] The verse is unclear about this. ... 105081 VO Exegese Altes Testament - Exegese des Alten Testaments: Das Buch Kohelet. Ataroth and the Inscribed Altar: Who Won the War Between Moab and Israel? [12] Based on its stratigraphic location and this script, the Ataruz Inscribed Altar is dated to the decades following the Moabite conquest described in the Mesha Stele. Both references to the city in the Torah appear in Numbers 32, as part of the territory that the tribes of Gad and Reuben settle. Ahasja folgte Ahab auf den Thron, aber er war es nicht, der Moab angriff. Deuteronomy 4:43 - [Namely], Bezer in the wilderness, in the plain country, of the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, of the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, of the Manassites. Ataroth is an obscure Transjordanian city, referenced only twice in the Bible. Golan Sahem el-Jolan pp. Das Alte Testament vermittelt von Moab meist ein negatives, zuweilen aber auch ein positives Bild, was wohl von einer entsprechenden Kontroverse in Israel zeugt. Linked Data. Der Sohn Omris wäre Ahab, und in 2. Funde. Rollston is the editor of Enemies and Friends of the State: Ancient Prophecy in Context and the author of Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel: Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age as well as many academic articles such as “Scribal Curriculum during the First Temple Period: Epigraphic Hebrew and Biblical Evidence.” He is an expert in ancient epigraphy and blogs about new finds and current debates on www.rollstonepigraphy.com. Zeret-Shahar on the Hill in the Valley—The Discovery of a New Moabite Site in Jordan,” Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East 1998 Rome: 1777–1884. script type="text/javascript"> Die Moabiter waren von den Amoritern vor der Ankunft der Israeliten südwärts vertrieben worden (4. On one hand, this story does not contradict Mesha’s description exactly. Sam 22,3.4; 2. Additionally, in contrast to the earlier script of the Mesha Inscription, which is identical to contemporary Hebrew script, the Ataruz Inscribed altar shows an “Early Moabite Script” diverging from the Hebrew script, and is now possibly the earliest extant inscription employing this script. Kön 23,13). and Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University's Department of Near Eastern Studies and is the editor of Maarav and co-editor of BASOR (Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research). משע.... מלך. Chris Rollston examining the Khirbat Ataruz altar inscription. BKAT Biblischer Kommentar, Altes Testament, M. Noth (†), S. Herrmann and H.W. Moab — ist eine Landschaft in Palästina östlich des Jordans und ein antiker Kleinstaat in dieser Region, siehe Moab (Staat) die Abkürzung für eine amerikanische Bombe, siehe GBU 43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast Moab (Altes Testament), Person im Alten… … Deutsch Wikipedia Adam L. Bean is currently Visiting Assistant Professor of Biblical Studies at Milligan University and will complete the Ph.D. in Near Eastern Studies from Johns Hopkins University in Fall 2020. Sohn von Lot und seiner ältesten Tochter; die Bezeichnung seiner Nachkommen und des Landes, welches sie bewohnten (1. First brought to the attention of interested European travelers by local residents in 1868, the Mesha Stele, written in the Moabite language, which is very similar to biblical Hebrew, presents itself as a first-person account from the same King Mesha named in 2 Kgs 3:4, opening with אנכ. Der Papierabdruck wurde von dem Stein gemacht, bevor er zerbrach, welcher zusammen mit den wiedergefundenen Einzelstücken eine nahezu vollständige Übersetzung der Inschrift ermöglicht. B.C.E. 20. Ugarit (/ ˌ uː É¡ ə ˈ r iː t, ˌ j uː-/; Ugaritic: 𐎜𐎂𐎗𐎚, ʼUgart; Arabic: أُوغَارِيت ‎ ŪġārÄ«t or أُوجَارِيت ŪǧārÄ«t) was an ancient port city in northern Syria, in the outskirts of modern Latakia, discovered by accident in 1928 together with the Ugaritic texts.Its ruins are often called Ras Shamra after the headland where they lie. bis zum 4. Über Moab selbst wird nichts Näheres berichtet. 1. [11] Regarding the Omrides, the 9th century B.C.E., and Moab, see Israel Finkelstein and Oded Lipschits, “Omride Architecture in Moab: Jahaz and Ataroth,” ZDPV 126 (2010): 29-42, especially 35 (with reference to the excavations at Ataruz). Its first appearance is among the cities Gad and Reuben list, when they ask Moses for permission to settle in the region, due to its suitability for raising cattle: The Gadites and Reubenites request this area as their lot, and after some back and forth, Moses grants the request on the condition that the men of Gad and Reuben first participate in the conquest of Canaan with the other tribes. [2] For the editio princeps of the Khirbat Ataruz Inscriptions, see Adam L. Bean, Christopher A. Rollston, P. Kyle McCarter, and Stefan J. Wimmer, “An Inscribed Altar from the Khirbat Ataruz Moabite Sanctuary,” Levant 50 (2018): 211–236. [8] Chang-Ho Ji and Robert D. Bates, “Khirbat Ê¿Ataruz 2011-2012: A Preliminary Report,” Andrews University Seminary Studies 52.1 (2014): 47–91; Chang-Ho Ji, “The Early Iron Age II Temple at HÌ®irbet Ê¿Atārūs and Its Architecture and Selected Cultic Objects,” in Temple Building and Temple Cult: Architecture and Cultic Paraphernalia of Temples in the Levant (2.-1. Dann erbarmte sich Kamos ihrer, und dem König war es möglich, einige der Städte zu retten, die Menschen zu töten und von der Beute zu nehmen. In 2000, Prof. Chang-Ho Ji of La Sierra University began excavation of the site, uncovering remarkable finds, including cultic architecture of multiple phases and many religious artifacts.[8]. In addition, the authors are particularly grateful to the American Center of Oriental Research and the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research for facilitating the use of their libraries and residential facilities for the early portions of our research, collation, and photography of these inscriptions. Moreover, the authors of this article are also very grateful to P. Kyle McCarter for discussing numerous and sundry aspects of the Ataruz inscriptions with us. Rollston, Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel (p. 63) dates the Mudeyine Altar inscription to the first half of the 8th century BCE, thus, slightly later than the Ataruz Altar inscriptions. Es gibt keinen Zweifel, dass der Mesa in der Inschrift derselbe Mesa wie in der Schrift ist. It further describes how he resettled those areas and commenced various royal building projects, implying that Israel was no longer a factor at all, and that Mesha’s victory was decisive and long-lasting. He has been actively involved in archaeological fieldwork and grant-funded epigraphic research projects in Jordan. dubsar 9 . Notably, this conquest of Israelite territory by the Moabites is something the biblical picture of Mesha’s rebellion conceals in its version of the story. The term “ataroth” also appears as part of a toponym, such as Ataroth Shofan in the Transjordan (Num 32:35), Ataroth Adar in the territory of Ephraim (Josh 16:5, 18:13), and Ataroth Beth-Joab in Judah (1 Chron 2:54). 6. Ortsname. [12] Paul E. Dion, and Michelle Daviau, “An Inscribed Incense Altar of Iron Age II at Ḫirbet el-Mudeyine (Jordan),” ZDPV 116 (2000): 1-13. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. Bedeutung des Namens. [13] The authors of this article are especially indebted to Stefan Wimmer for his work on the hieratic numerals of the Ataruz Altar Inscription. The aim is to put references to culture and history mentioned in the Old Testament between Israel and Moab on a scientific basis. Oops! Other evidence from ancient Israel—the society in which the Hebrew Bible was generated—is also often of little use. Über Moab selbst wird nichts Näheres berichtet. https://thetorah.com/article/ataroth-and-the-inscribed-altar-who-won-the-war-between-moab-and-israel. The term may mean “cattle pens” (see HALOT), and thus such toponyms would mean, “the cattle pens of X.”. Die Heilige Schrift wird also durch das interessante Monument bestätigt. While it is likely that the narrative has been given some “spin” on both sides, the evidence from Khirbat Ataruz lends further support to the validity of Mesha’s claim to have conquered, held, and resettled the city of Ataroth. Transmission, Reception and Text Production. High resolution laser quality maps. Mo 23,4). Aber sie wurden von Israel, Juda und Edom mit vereinten Kräften vollständig unterworfen. And yet, the accounts are quite different from each other in tone and implication. Please support us. Nevertheless, due to modern archaeological discoveries, it has become a central piece of evidence for reconstructing the history of the Moabite rebellion against Israel and King Mesha’s expansion of the Moabite kingdom described in both 2 Kings and the Mesha Stele. Es muss außerdem ein reiches Land gewesen sein, da es an Israel jährlich 100.000 Lämmer und 100.000 Schafböcke mit der Wolle zahlen konnte (2. 57, 61, 62 Y3 city of refuge, Deut. 2020 / ISBN 978-3-96327-042-0 / xxiv + 406 pp. Die nördliche Grenze am Wadi Mudschib wurde mehrmals durch Eroberungen überschritten und umfasste dann u. Successive World Kingdoms: Persia, Babylon, Assyria 640-500 BC. Her other daughter-in-law, Orpah, remains in Moab. In Moab liegt auch das Gebirge Abǎrim. You may have already requested this item. Grayson's edition of the Sargon Geography in The Map of Old Testament Israel - Golan. [15] Questions remain about each of these readings, as detailed in the editio princeps of the Ataruz Inscribed Altar. In fact, on one level, it correlates remarkably with the biblical account, which mentions the rebellion of Moab against the Omrides and names Mesha specifically: The story continues with the Israelite response to this rebellion, in which King Jehoram of Israel, King Jehoshaphat of Judah, and the (unnamed) king of Edom march together against Moab. First, the very existence of a Moabite Temple with an inscription on an altar in the Moabite language and in the Moabite script, the Ataruz Inscribed Altar, corroborates Mesha’s statement that he conquered the city of Ataroth and resettled it. Israel’s rapid advance against Moab having come to a halt at Moab’s capital at Kir-hareseth (usually identified as the city of Karak, Jordan), the story ends with a surprising twist: Whatever the phrase “great wrath” means,[16] Mesha’s sacrifice of his own son works;[17] the Israelite coalition gives up on its attempt to conquer Moab and returns home. Moab – Bibel-Lexikon. Golan J-5 on the Map. Chr 18,2). Mesha also boasts of his public works, including building activities at many locations within Moab that he acknowledges were previously built up by the Israelite King Omri. 98,00 € This constituted the nation the peculiar people of God, and was accompanied by promises for obedience and penalties for disobedience. When the Mesha Inscription was first discovered, scholars immediately noted how it provides a remarkable contemporary witness to the conflict between Moab and the Northern Kingdom of Israel under the Omride Dynasty as described in Kings. The inscription provides important new details about the Moabite language, supplying a number of words and grammatical features attested in Moabite for the first time. Als die Araber entdeckten, dass zwei oder drei Länder Interesse am Besitz dieses Steines zeigten, dachten sie, sie würden mehr Geld bekommen, wenn sie ihn in Stücke zerbrachen. A. Madaba, Dhiban und die Festung Aroer. and confirms its association with a people group named Gad and the Northern Kingdom of Israel. Michael C. Astour, Yahweh in Egyptian Topographic Lists in Festschrift Elmar Edel in Agypten und Altes Testament, edited by Manfred Gorg (Bamberg, Germany, 1979. pp. 4; Levitical city, Josh. Numbers 21:33 They turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei..

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