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[39], A BBC frequency, 7325 kHz, has also been used. [12] Also in 2001, Ana Belén Montes, a senior US Defense Intelligence Agency analyst, was arrested and charged with espionage. Includes lyrics to some songs. M. Gauffman of the ENIGMA numbers stations monitoring group[44] originally assigned a code to each known station. [11] It was first broadcast from Bletchley Park in the mid-1970s but later was broadcast from RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus. We analyzed the influence of Internet TV station on Wikipedia page views. [12], The United States government's evidence included the following three examples of decoded Atención messages. [47] The letter indicates the language used by the station in question: There are also a few other stations[31] with a specific classification: Some stations have also been stripped of their designation when they were discovered not to be a numbers station. Oldies; World Music; Community; Rock; Classic Hits; Local Music; Radio Stations. For example, the "Lincolnshire Poacher", formerly one of the best-known numbers stations (generally thought to be run by the Secret Intelligence Service, because its transmissions have been traced to RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus), played the first two bars of the folk song "The Lincolnshire Poacher" before each string of numbers. This station specialises in chillout music. "[24], The use of numbers stations as a method of espionage is discussed in Spycraft:[25]. How to use interstation in a sentence. [28], The "Atención" station was thought to be from Cuba, because a supposed error allowed Radio Havana Cuba to be carried on the frequency. Deutsch 2 528 000+ Artikel. (Probably a simple greeting for. [48], Shortwave radio stations broadcasting only numbers. The Stations’ reinterprets an ancient series of images which have spoken for centuries to those who have experienced pain and desolation. stated that "defendants would receive assignments via shortwave radio transmissions". Launched in 2015 as a simple way to create, broadcast, and share an internet radio station - it's because of clients' success stories that Radio.co is now the number one provider for stations all over the world, both big and small. An internet radio station plays DJ-chosen music as part of a category or genre, like rock, indie, jazz, Christian, etc., making music discovery fun and easy. English 6 235 000+ articles. Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fibre-optic cables.This contrasts with broadcast television (also known as terrestrial television), in which the television signal is … Stations may or may not have set frequencies in the HF band. The moderator of an e-mail list for global numbers station hobbyists claimed that "Someone on the Spooks list had already cracked the code for a repeated transmission [from Havana to Miami] if it was received garbled." In one confirmed case, West Germany did use a one-time pad for numbers transmissions. People shouldn't be mystified by them. [41], The Cuban numbers station "HM01" has been known to interfere with shortwave broadcaster Voice of Welt on 11530 kHz. The one-way voice link (OWVL) described a covert communications system that transmitted messages to an agent's unmodified shortwave radio using the high-frequency shortwave bands between 3 and 30 MHz at a predetermined time, date, and frequency contained in their communications plan. Alena Roberts Feb 09, 2014 8:29 PM ET. One well-known numbers station was the E03 "Lincolnshire Poacher",[10] which is thought to have been run by the British Secret Intelligence Service. A TV … We aim to investigate the influence of television on the web; if the influence is strong, a viral effect may be expected. Discover (and save!) Peranti komunikasi penerima sinyal BTS bisa telepon, telepon seluler, jaringan nirkabel sementara operator jaringan yaitu GSM, CDMA, atau … Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting in which the television signal is transmitted by radio waves from the terrestrial (Earth-based) transmitter of a television station to a TV receiver having an antenna.The term terrestrial is more common in Europe and Latin America, while in the United States it is called … Discover (and save!) These encoded messages, known as OWVL, were broadcast over shortwave frequencies at predetermined times from a CIA-operated transmitter in Western Europe. Base Transceiver Station atau disingkat BTS adalah sebuah infrastruktur telekomunikasi yang memfasilitasi komunikasi nirkabel antara peranti komunikasi dan jaringan operator. He had consulted the experts at Bush House (BBC World Service headquarters), who declared that the voice was reading out nothing more sinister than snowfall figures for the ski slopes near the listener's home. CIXX-FM - Wikipedia Saved by Rick Griebler Capital Radio Free Internet Radio My Community Greater London Best Brand Captain America Hip Hop Radio Stations … In 2001, the United States tried the Cuban Five on the charge of spying for Cuba. It is assumed that most stations use a one-time pad that would make the contents of these number groups indistinguishable from randomly generated numbers or digits. Menu. [30], The "Atención" station of Cuba became the world's first numbers station to be officially and publicly accused of transmitting to spies. The U.S. prosecutors claimed the accused were writing down number codes received from Atención, using Sony hand-held shortwave receivers, and typing the numbers into laptop computers to decode spying instructions. [22], Numbers stations are also acknowledged for espionage purposes in Robert Wallace and H. Keith Melton's Spycraft:[23]. Русский 1 693 000+ статей. your own Pins on Pinterest Starlink is a satellite internet constellation being constructed by SpaceX providing satellite Internet access. Historical examples of jamming include the E10 (a numbers station thought to originate from Israel's Mossad intelligence agency) being jammed by the "Chinese Music Station" (thought to originate from the People's Republic of China (PRC) and usually used to jam Taiwan "Sound of Hope" radio broadcasts which are anti-PRC in nature).[43]. Despite this targeting, many numbers stations continue to broadcast unhindered. StereoHotHits … [citation needed], After the prelude, there is usually an announcement of the number of number-groups in the message,[31] the page to be used from the one-time pad, or other pertinent information. It has long been speculated, and was argued in court in one case, that these stations operate as a simple and foolproof method for government agencies to communicate with spies working undercover. Son adresse est proche de la station-service. Numbers stations were most prolific during the Cold War era, yet many continue to broadcast and some long-time stations may have been taken over by different operators. Feb 2, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Rick Griebler. 6 Towns Radio; A. All top internet radio stations from Australia. Department of Commerce. [46] This classification scheme takes the form of a letter followed by a number (or, in the case of some "X" stations, more numbers). Wikipedia Is the Last Best Place on the Internet People used to think the crowdsourced encyclopedia represented all that was wrong with the web. Usually, it will simply be some form of the word "end" in whatever language the station uses (e.g., "End of message; End of transmission", "Ende", "Fini", "Final", "конец"). In this paper, we focus on the Internet TV station and on Wikipedia use as exploratory behavior on the web. As long as the agent's cover could justify possessing a shortwave radio and he was not under technical surveillance, high-frequency OWVL was a secure and preferred system for the CIA during the Cold War. Jan 31, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Rick Griebler. The BBC presenter laughed at the suggestion of spy activity. Feb 13, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Rick Griebler. Favorites Recently listened. Provides a full screen listening experience . your own Pins on Pinterest : On cherche une station-service ou un garage désaffectés. In the possible case, the underlying type of encryption might have been stated in the court record of the Atención case when the secretly copied decryption software was introduced into evidence. Many thanks in advance! This was the case for E22, which was discovered in 2005 to be test transmissions for All India Radio. See more. [12] There are also claims that State Department-operated stations, such as KKN50 and KKN44, used to broadcast similar "numbers" messages or related traffic, although these radio stations have been off the air for many years. [39], In October 1990, it was reported that a numbers station had been interfering with communications on 6577 kHz, a frequency used by air traffic in the Caribbean. Like 746. Our aim is to clarify … However, spies often have to work only with available hand-held receivers, sometimes under difficult local conditions, and in all seasons and sunspot cycles. It utilizes OFDM and two-dimensional interleaving. "¡Atención! File:Entrance to underground station, west side of Moorgate, London - geograph.org.uk - 1408534.jpg They used it to decode Atención spy messages, which the prosecutors unveiled in court. G indicates a station broadcasting in German. We offer a large number of different models which suit every taste - from classic look to modern and artistic. Interstation definition is - existing or occurring between stations. ", "Ready? Christ’s journey of suffering is a universal one, played out in the suffering of people from different faith backgrounds, captured through stories and pictures of a modern humanitarian … [45] The document containing the description of each station and its code designation was called the "ENIGMA Control List" until 2016, after which it was incorporated into the "ENIGMA 2000 Active Station List"; the latest edition the list was published in September 2017. Ready? Department … Discover classical music and find out more about the best classical composers, musicians and their works. Discover (and save!) Don't get left behind by using other dated software or poor technology and choose Radio.co to take your station … [3] The Czech Ministry of the Interior and the Swedish Security Service have both acknowledged the use of numbers stations by Czechoslovakia for espionage,[4][5][6] with declassified documents proving the same. What We Like. Few QSL responses have been received from numbers stations[7] by shortwave listeners who sent reception reports, to stations that identified themselves or to entities the listeners believed responsible for the broadcasts, which is the expected behaviour of a non-clandestine station.[8][9]. This is not always accurate, so check for a name of the city or location used, and switch to a different site if inaccurate. "Chapter 6 "So here she was with a pillow over her head and over the radio ... "North Korea Revives Coded Spy Broadcasts After 16-Year Silence", "North Korea sends chilling coded radio messages to South Korea amid fears of WW3", "From the Archives: The U.S. and West German Agent Radio Ciphers", If It Had Not Been For 15 Minutes, Chapter 7, If It Had Not Been For 15 Minutes, chapter 6, "ENIGMA: The European Numbers Information Gathering and Monitoring Association", "The Conet Project – Recordings of Shortwave Numbers Stations [ird059]", "MASTERPIECE | Endeavour, Season 5: Episode 5", "The truth is way, way out there: how Cold War radio signals inspired new series Truth Seekers", "Book review: Mai Jia's In the Dark shines a light on China's secret world", "Jóhann Jóhannsson's Track By Track Guide to Orphée", Numbers Stations Research and Information Center, Counterintelligence and counter-terrorism organizations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Numbers_station&oldid=1002857221, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "prioritize and continue to strengthen friendship with Joe and Dennis", "Under no circumstances should [agents] German nor Castor fly with BTTR or another organization on days 24, 25, 26 and 27." The fee is sometimes also required to own a radio or receive radio broadcasts. Feb 3, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Rick Griebler. [citation needed], In June 2009, the United States similarly charged Walter Kendall Myers with conspiracy to spy for Cuba, and receiving and decoding messages broadcast from a numbers station operated by the Cuban Intelligence Directorate to further that conspiracy. This is a list of Internet radio stations, including traditional broadcast stations which stream programming over the Internet as well as Internet-only stations. Often the prelude repeats for a period before the body of the message begins. ", "1234567890"), and sometimes musical or electronic sounds (e.g. your own Pins on Pinterest [12], A 1998 article in The Daily Telegraph quoted a spokesperson for the Department of Trade and Industry (the government department that, at that time, regulated radio broadcasting in the United Kingdom) as saying "These [numbers stations] are what you suppose they are. your own Pins on Pinterest "The Lincolnshire Poacher", "Magnetic Fields"). Broadcasting on the Internet is usually referred to as webcasting since it is not transmitted broadly through wireless means. Even a non-standard civilian shortwave radio can be difficult to obtain in a totalitarian state. Some websites may abbreviate the International Space Station as "ISS". xxx", Before enigma; the early numbers stations ,monitors, "The Shortwave And the Calling: For Akin Fernandez, Cryptic Messages Became Music To His Ears". : We're looking for an abandoned gas station or a mechanic shop off the grid. [21] According to this theory, the messages are encrypted with a one-time pad, to avoid any risk of decryption by the enemy. Now it's a beacon of so much that's right. [citation needed] However, Lincolnshire Poacher broadcasts on three different frequencies, and the remaining two have not been interfered with. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. [1] Most identified stations use speech synthesis to vocalize numbers, although digital modes such as phase-shift keying and frequency-shift keying, as well as Morse code transmissions, are not uncommon. High-frequency radio signals transmitted at relatively low power can travel around the world under ideal propagation conditions—which are affected by local RF noise levels, weather, season, and sunspots—and can then be received with a properly tuned antenna (of adequate size) and a good receiver. Penkovsky listened to these messages on a Panasonic radio—strings of numbers read in a dispassionate voice—and then decoded them using a one-time pad. (BTTR is the anti-Castro airborne group, "Congratulate all the female comrades for International Day of the Woman." [citation needed], Application of spectrum analysis to numbers station signals has revealed the presence of data bursts, radioteletype-modulated subcarriers, phase-shifted carriers, and other unusual transmitter modulations like polytones. Get Access to Wikipedia and Internet Radio Stations With the New Victor Reader Stream 4.3 . Humanware is continuing to expand the number of services that Victor Reader Stream users can access wirelessly. [42], Numbers station transmissions have often been the target of intentional jamming attempts. Some sites may attempt to automatically detect your location based on your internet service provider's nearest server. The FBI testified that they had entered a spy's apartment in 1995, and copied the computer decryption program for the Atención numbers code. ", "Achtung! The constellation will consist of thousands of mass-produced small satellites in low Earth orbit (LEO), working in combination with ground transceivers.SpaceX plans to sell some of the satellites for military, scientific, or … The interference was such that on at least one monitored transmission, it blocked the channel entirely and forced the air traffic controller to switch the pilot to an alternative frequency. Transmissions usually begin on the hour or half-hour. your own Pins on Pinterest Amateur Radio Stations Of The United States by United States. : Her address is blocks away from the gas station. In 2006, Carlos Alvarez and his wife, Elsa, were arrested and charged with espionage. Discover (and save!) [27], Numbers stations are often given nicknames by enthusiasts, often reflecting some distinctive element of the station such as the interval signal. The groups are then recited. With version 4.3, users can now access Wikipedia and Wiktionary as well as thousands of internet radio stations… [34] (RTTY-modulated subcarriers were also present on some U.S. commercial radio transmissions during the Cold War. Groups are usually either four or five digits or radio-alphabet letters. This is a list of Internet radio stations, including traditional broadcast stations which stream programming over the Internet as well as Internet-only stations. Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) is a system designed to provide good reception to fixed receivers and also portable or mobile receivers. The U.S. District Court Florida[which?] Discover (and save!) [38][39], On 27 September 2006, amateur radio transmissions in the 30 m band were affected by an S06 "Russian Man"[40] numbers station at 17:40 UTC. It was the centrepiece of a United States federal court espionage trial, following the arrest of the Wasp Network of Cuban spies in 1998. Portions of the original ENIGMA group moved on to other interests in 2000 and the classification of numbers stations was continued by the follow-on group ENIGMA 2000. [36], For spies in the field, low-tech spoken number transmissions continue to have advantages in the 21st century. [15][16], Monitoring transmissions from numbers stations has become an activity for hobbyists, and Ham radio enthusiasts dating from the 1980s,[17] though it is reported that Archduke Anton of Austria, in his youth used to listen in to their transmissions, writing them down and passing them on to the Austrian military intelligence.[18]. The only item Penkovsky used that could properly be called advanced tradecraft was his 'agent-receive' communications through a one-way voice-link. If proper tradecraft was practised and instructions were precisely followed, an OWVL transmission was considered unbreakable. More countries. It supports hierarchical transmission of up to three layers and uses MPEG-2 video and Advanced Audio Coding. your own Pins on Pinterest High-tech data-receiving equipment is difficult to obtain,[37] and being caught with just a shortwave radio has a degree of plausible deniability that no spying is being conducted. This prompted a letter to the BBC from a listener in Andorra. [35]), The frequently reported use of high-tech modulations like data bursts, in combination or in sequence with spoken numbers, suggests varying transmissions for differing intelligence operations. E indicates a station broadcasting in English. Although many numbers stations have nicknames which usually describe some aspect of the station itself, these nicknames have sometimes led to confusion among listeners, particularly when discussing stations with similar traits. This list may not reflect recent changes . [citation needed], The North Korean foreign language service Voice of Korea began to broadcast on the E03 Lincolnshire Poacher's former frequency, 11545 kHz, in 2006, possibly to deliberately interfere with its propagation. The longest-running independent radio station in the U.S. is also one of the best internet radio stations on the web. [31], Because of the secretive nature of the messages, the cryptographic function employed by particular stations is not publicly known, except in one (or possibly two[32]) cases. Feb 1, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Rick Griebler. According to the notes of The Conet Project,[19][20] which has compiled recordings of these transmissions, numbers stations have been reported since World War I. A television licence or broadcast receiving licence is a payment required in many countries for the reception of television broadcasts, or the possession of a television set where some broadcasts are funded in full or in part by the licence fee paid.

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